"Does that shift require a decision to invest heavily in infrastructure or a decision to move to the cloud?"
It actually a combination of Three things-First understand your existing Infrastructure better,Then understand what you needs are and whether are they being met by existing Infrastructure and then Finally u have to choose whether to go the Cloud way or Invest in In-House Infrastructure.
@Gigi-The way I look at IT providers is that they increasingly want to provide IT services as a Utility(just like electricity).Just dont know how long it will take for customers to move/transistion to this new reality.
Need to sign off. Thanks again for attending and for chatting. Looking forward to some very interesting times ahead. On the copyright front, I think all the legal precedents come out of the coorespondences of authors in Victorian England. Time to find a good solicitor for one's video image
Joe, a crazy Ron Paul type-extremist recently added me to Facebook and they added some kind of legal notice about how their data is their own property, and that their freedom of expression on the private Facebook network had more power than the Terms and Conditions of Service of Facebook. I had to laugh.
Interestign cloud development related to public data. Amazon and some of the other big cloud storage players are seedign their space with public data (the one I know about is genomic data based on NIH work which is required to be public). Turns out more people will "rent" your compute resources if you give them some free data to pound on.
Nation's laws differ. In the US, if the work is original, creative (i.e., non-functional -- an alphabetized list of names is not, generally, copyrightable), and in a fixed form (written, typed, recorded, etc.), it's generally copyrighted upon creation. Registration is not usually necessary.
@Joe, I guess my question more was on someone else's statement about recording a hangout and making it a podcast. Who gets to draw that line. More of a "thinker" question than one that probably can get an eays answer
@dag: My *guess* (read: not legal advice), not being familiar with the TOS of Google Hangout and not having really analyzed the issue, would be that the participants are creating the work, and as such are the copyright holders (if one exists) and giving Google a license.
"Public Domain" is an idiomatic legal expression. It just means that the material was never copyrighted to begin with (such as US Government works, which are never subject to copyright) or the copyright has expired. The cloud has nothing to do with public domain.
@Joe, using that same statement about copyright and the google hangout....where does the copyright like lie? It's a public domain forum so who is the controlling authority. To me, it's like hanging out at a coffee house and using a phone to video someone doing something stupid and putting it on Youtube
99.9...% of the time, Fair Use does not apply. If you're not an educator using a *small* amount of the material in a classroom (a physical classroom -- not a virtual one) or a journalist quoting the tiniest passage, it's almost certainly not Fair Use. And even in those instances, it may not be Fair Use.
Copyright issues, no matter the technology (this is what confuses people, and what allows some people to think that so long as they tell you whose copyright they're violating, they're magically no longer violating copyright), are always the same. Is it public domain? If not, who owns it? If not you, do you have permission to use it in the way you want to use it? If not, don't use it. End of story.
@yettaj: I don't know. Reminds me of when we all started making our own slides. I still see decks with green letters on purple backgrounds. Think we would all need to go to film school first. Your stroage team will hate you but Cisco and Seagate will love you
I don't think that OpenOffice cuts it for some applications. If you want free Microsoft tools just use their free "Starter" apps that may come with your OS. I use the unlimited Microsoft Excel 2010 and Microsoft Word 2010 Starter and it has non-intrusive ads on the side.
@Joe, I love Google Docs for my business but then I started using Google Drive and the whole thing is one giant unorganized mess of business files and personal ones. Time for some cloud house-keeping and organizing. And probably encrypting while I'm at it. :P
@Mary Jander: Sorry if I missed. That is a loaded question. Having met with many of the major cloud players I can say that their security practices are top of the line compared to most enterprises. For me, many people still assume direct ownership/control of the physical asset is inheriently more secure. Its like we all know air travle is way safer than car travel, but most of us feel safer in the car if we are driving ourselves (passengers may feel otherwise of course)
@aum007, Huawei runs the network infrastructure for a lot of mobile towers across the US and Canada. They were accused of theft by the US government. Scary given that all of our texts, videos and calls are over towers. Telus, Bell, Verizon are a few of Huawei's clients.
@vettja: The finaicial folks are startign to be concerned about video chat sessions (like voice mail), but most are stored (officially) unless you ask. Like the phone companies, some sessions may get recorded for quality assurance testing though.
Joe, I agree that BYOD is great if the employees want to BYOD. Some large companies are discontinuing providing a Blackberry to their employees. A solid BYOD policy is a great idea, but I think BYOD should be optional. Asking all employees, including those who don't know/care about technology/security, to BYOD presents lots of challenges.
@rick, very good point about streaming vs. storage. Are video chats "recorded" and stored somewhere? What about privacy and content copywrite issues with recording and storing of video data/converstations?
@kim: The low strucutured data figures surprise a lot of people, but basic tranaction data rates grow at a pretty steady rate. (Mobile credit card systems are next big jump). Good database operatiosn includes archiving that data for later analysis. Doing that truns it into unstrucutured (some would say semi strucutured data).
@Joe well put. Scary thought that I recall from a quote on a TED video on hackers there are two types of enterprises out there: those who have been hacked, and those who aren't aware they've been hacked. And that probably all fortune 500's have been infiltrated by hackers, a lot from Russian and Chinese.
@yettja: Video conferencing (now more personal video chat) has a big impact on bandwitdh but not so much on cloud storage. The real giant here is video survillence. A standard military drone today generates 6 Petabytes fo video a day. There aren't a 100,000 soldiers watchign that. its being mined continuously again and again.
@lin: Conversely, the problem with not having BYOD is the companies who BYOD anyway and then wind up having their device -- with proprietary company data -- compromised. In those cases, employees are often disincentivized to self-report.
I won't be comfortable with BYOD until I see what happens to employees who BYOD and Bring Their Own Virus. Not that I'm planning to bring a virus, but I don't want to be on the hook for bringing systems down or releasing information.
What are ways folks have put some structure around the BYOD applications? I have seen many folks create applications without any "formal" training and end up with throw away results when trying to expand the application.
@hounhosp: Storage is one of the most interestign and demanding part of the new world. We've all been building storage for strucutured data (and now reacting to virtualkized environments), but the world and cloud has been busy worrying about how to store Petabytes and even Exabytes of data. The storage world is only going to get more diverse with systems optimized for cloud, content streaming, archive, and big data. Lots of work for IBM and its competitors to do. keep an eye on the cloud players themselves. new arcchitecutres for object storage are already shaing up parts of the HDD industry.
@aum007, but the apps go through certain screening processes and any malware code is quickly picked up. Any that get through surely get caught by complaints or by automated scripts by Apple, Google etc., and stopped before they spread.
@gigabob635, I think the mobile OS providers have gotten this right in that the mobile devices are very much hardened and more locked down than conventional operating systems. Since these are network based, OS providers like Apple and Google can address these from a central point. Whereas with desktops and laptops, this isn't really a possibility.
@Joe, I believe that our sponsor, IBM PureSystems, offers a good solution for "in-house", fully scalable, and more secure cloud systems for governments. Built for enterprise and government. Public cloud services simply don't cut it for compliance.
Of course, there are companies that will gladly outsource every last function (outside of cushy C-suite jobs) to the lowest foreign bidders. That doesn't speak well, of course, to their commitment to service.
What this really comes down to is good disaster recovery planning and emergency preparedness protocols. Only by figuring out the cost of each piece of information and what it would take to replace it (or the value thereof) can you have a truly effective disaster recovery plan.
@Joe, what are your thoughts on some cloud companies using their replications and hosting company data offshore? It was baffling to me from a jurisdictional standpoint. Frightening that companies would possibly host data off in Russia for American business customers. If I were the US Government, I'd be holding off on ANY public cloud services.
Concerns; if we are moving towards a public-based cloud solution and we are storing on one-cloud based system, we need to look into multiple cloud replications in the event of DDoS attacks towards cloud services. Or general downtime. Since cloud services do not promise 100% network uptime like most SLA-covered dedicated services at most datacenters.